The Titanic: Before and After Photos

The Titanic: Before and After Photos

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The R.M.S. Titanic has gone down as one of the most famous ships in history for its lavish design and tragic fate. It was a massive 46,000-ton ship, measuring 882 feet long and 175 feet high. The "Ship of Dreams" included a swimming pool, gym, Turkish baths, a photography darkroom and three cigar rooms. However, its lack of proper safety features would become a critical flaw on the night of the Titanic's doom.

The lifeboats set in place for emergencies were only equipped to hold a total of up to 1,178 people, while the ship itself was capable of holding 2,435 passengers and roughly 900 crew members. In the late hours of April 14, 1912, just four days after setting sail, the "unsinkable" Titanic struck an iceberg. The collision tore a gash in the side of the ship and it sank to the bottom of the ocean, claiming the lives of about 1,500 people.

WATCH: Full episodes of History's Greatest Mysteries online now and tune in for all-new episodes Saturdays at 9/8c.

It wasn't until September 1, 1985 that the wreck would be discovered about 2 miles below the surface of the North Atlantic. Lead by Robert D. Ballard, the joint U.S-French Expedition used experimental naval technology to find the Titanic 400 miles east of Newfoundland with many pieces still in tact, such as remnants of the propellers, deck and dining areas.

Now, bacteria in the ocean depths are eating away at the wreck and threaten to erase the remains of one of history's most iconic ships. A series of dives in the summer of 2019 by an international team of deep-sea explorers revealed that significant artifacts and parts of the wreck have been lost to the ocean.

"The captain's bathtub is a favorite image among Titanic enthusiasts—and that's now gone," Titanic historian Parks Stephenson told the BBC.

"That whole deck house on that side is collapsing, taking with it the state rooms. And that deterioration is going to continue advancing."

Want more HISTORY? Check out these stories:

The Real Story Behind the Discovery of Titanic’s Watery Grave

Why Did the Titanic Sink?

Titanic Survivor's Eyewitness Account

The True Stories That Inspired ‘Titanic’ Movie Characters

Letter Found on Titanic Passenger’s Body Sold for Record Amount

Haunting Photographs and Quotes from Titanic Survivors

The RMS Titanic was a British passenger cruise liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning of April 15, 1912. It collided with an iceberg during its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City. It is remembered as one of the deadliest commercial peacetime maritime disasters in modern history with over 1,500 casualties out of about 2,224 passengers and crew aboard the ship. At the time of its accident, the Titanic was the largest ship afloat.

The Titanic carried some of the wealthiest people in the world, as well as hundreds of European emigrants seeking better lives in the United States.

The first-class accommodations included a gymnasium, squash court, a Turkish bath, steam room, massage room, swimming pool, libraries, high-class restaurants, a men&rsquos Smoking Room, and lavish cabins. The Titanic, despite having advanced safety features such as watertight compartments and remotely activated watertight doors, there were not enough lifeboats to accommodate all those on board. There were lifeboats for only 1,178 people: a little more than half of the number of passengers on board, and one-third of the total capacity.

On April 14, around 11:40 ship&rsquos time about 375 miles south of Newfoundland, the Titanic collided with an iceberg and caused the ship&rsquos hull to buckle inwards along the starboard side. The collision opened five of the sixteen watertight compartments to the sea. She was only capable of surviving four compartments flooding.

At 2:20 in the morning, the Titanic broke apart and sank. In less than two hours after the Titanic sank, the RMS Carpathia arrived at the scene and was able to rescue about 700 survivors.

Pictured c. 1910, the Titanic was built at Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland. At the time of its completion, many claimed that it was indestructible.
&ldquoYou weren&rsquot there at my first meeting with Ismay. To see the little red marks all over the blueprints. First thing I thought was: ‘Now here&rsquos a man who wants me to build him a ship that&rsquos gonna be sunk.&rsquo We&rsquore sending gilded egg shells out to sea.&rdquo
-Thomas Andrews, Managing Director of Harland and Wolff Shipyards
History Shipbuilders gather underneath one of the Titanic&rsquos propellers,1912.
&ldquoI cannot imagine any condition which would cause a ship to founder. I cannot conceive of any vital disaster happening to this vessel. Modern shipbuilding has gone beyond that.&rdquo
-Captain Smith, Commander of Titanic
History A photograph taken of the Titanic during the boarding process.
&ldquoI&rsquoll not have so many little boats, as you call them, cluttering up my decks and putting fear into my passengers.&rdquo
-J. Bruce Ismay, Director of the White Star Line
Kottke Deck chairs with a view of the Southampton harbor.
&ldquoThere was peace and the world had an even tenor to its way. Nothing was revealed in the morning the trend of which was not known the night before. It seems to me that the disaster about to occur was the event that not only made the world rub its eyes and awake but woke it with a start keeping it moving at a rapidly accelerating pace ever since with less and less peace, satisfaction and happiness. To my mind, the world of today awoke April 15th, 1912.&rdquo
-Jack B. Thayer, Titanic Survivor
Kottke A photograph of some passengers on the second class promenade.
&ldquoI was thoroughly familiar with pretty well every type of ship afloat but it took me 14 days before I could, with confidence, find my way from one part of that ship to another.&rdquo
&ndash Charles Lightoller, Titanic Second Officer
Kottke Passengers stroll passed chairs on the deck of the Titanic, 1912.
&ldquoThere were women in the crowd as well as men and these seemed to be steerage passengers who had just come up from the decks below. Even among these people, there was no hysterical cry, no evidence of panic. Oh, the agony of it.&rdquo
-Colonel Archibald Gracie, Titanic Survivor
History A photograph taken shortly after the Titanic left the docks.
&ldquoIf you look in your dictionary you will find: Titans &ndash A race of people vainly striving to overcome the forces of nature. Could anything be more unfortunate than such a name, anything more significant?&rdquo
&ndash Arthur Rostron, Captain of the rescue ship Carpathia
Kottke One of the last photos taken of Titanic before Bob Ballard and his team found the wreckage in the mid-80s.
&ldquoAlthough you cross the Atlantic for years and have ice reported and never see it, at other times it&rsquos not reported and you do see it.&rdquo
&ndash Charles Lightoller, Titanic Second Officer
Kottke As high as an eleven-story building and nearly four city blocks long, the Titanic was one of the largest and most magnificent ships in the world, photographed April 10, 1912.
&ldquoFrom the very day that she was designed she was almost doomed&hellipthis [the use of iron rivets] was almost the Achilles heel of the Titanic.&rdquo
&ndash Paul Louden-Brown, White Star Line Archivist
History The iceberg that sank the Titanic.
&ldquoWhen anyone asks how I can best describe my experience in nearly 40 years at sea, I merely say, uneventful. Of course, there have been winter gales, and storms and fog the like, but in all my experience, I have never been in any accident of any sort worth speaking about. &hellip&hellip I never saw a wreck and never have been wrecked, nor was I ever in any predicament that threatened to end in disaster of any sort. You see, I am not very good material for a story&rdquo
-Captain Smith, Commander of Titanic
Getty Images The Titanic&rsquos lifeboats are returned to the berth of the White Star Line in New York.
&ldquoThe oarsman laid on their oars and all in the lifeboat were motionless as we watch Her in absolute silence. Save some who would not look and buried their heads on each other&rsquos shoulders.&rdquo
-Lawrence Beesley, Titanic Survivor
Getty Images Survivors aboard the Carpathia.
&ldquoThere is no danger that Titanic will sink. The boat is unsinkable and nothing but inconvenience will be suffered by the passengers.&rdquo
-Phillip Franklin, White Star Line Vice-President
Library of Congress Survivors huddle for warmth on the deck of the Carpathia.
&ldquoI thought her unsinkable and I based my opinion on the best expert advice.&rdquo
-Phillip Franklin, White Star Line Vice President
Library of Congress

What happened after the Titanic sank, in photos

At 11:39 PM on April 14, 1912, lookout Frederick Fleet spotted an iceberg dead ahead of the Titanic, which was steaming at near full speed on her maiden voyage to New York.

Two hours and forty minutes later, she slipped beneath the waves.

Of the 2,224 people on board the supposedly unsinkable ship, only about 700 made it to the lifeboats. The remaining 1500 were trapped in the belly of the sinking ship or died within minutes of leaping into the frigid North Atlantic water.

Just before dawn on April 15, the flotilla of survivors was spotted by the RMS Carpathia. By 9 AM all the survivors were aboard.

As the Carpathia steamed toward New York, she dispatched radio messages to spread the news of the tragedy. The public was shocked, and relatives of passengers thrown into panic as they searched for information on their loved ones. The offices of the White Star Line were swarmed in New York, as well as in Southampton, from where most of the crew hailed. Some of the rich and famous survivors and victims were identified before the Carpathia arrived, but friends and family of average passengers and crew had to wait in agonizing suspense. After a treacherous journey, Carpathia arrived in New York Harbor on the rainy evening of April 18. The ship was surrounded by more than 50 tugboats carrying journalists, who shouted up to the survivors, offering money for firsthand accounts. A Hearst reporter who had been traveling aboard the Carpathia and had already interviewed survivors placed his notes in a buoyant cigar box and tossed them into the water for his editor to retrieve. After dropping off the empty lifeboats at the White Star Line’s Pier 59, the ship docked at Pier 54. She was greeted by an anxious crowd of 40,000 waiting in the pouring rain.

Disembarking survivors were swarmed by the press, the bereaved, and autograph-seekers. Some moved on to relatives in New York and other cities, while the less fortunate were sheltered by charities.

The next day, the US Senate convened a special hearing on the disaster at the old Waldorf-Astoria hotel.

On April 29, the surviving Southampton crew returned to their home in the south of England. Of the 724 crew who hailed from that one city, at least 549 did not make it back.

Titanic Timeline

A list of important events in the story of the Titanic, from the early days of the White Star Line, right through to current day salvage operations.

10.30am: Divine services held in first class dining room.

11.40am: Noordam reports ‘much ice’ in area previously reported by Caronia .

Noon: Ship’s officers gather on wing bridge to calculate Titanic’s position.

01.42p.m.: Fellow White Star Line stable mate Baltic reports ‘large quantities of field ice’ located at latitude 41° 51′ N, longitude 49° 52′ W, about 250 miles ahead of Titanic. This message was delivered to Captain Edward John Smith, who in turn passed it to Joseph Bruce Ismay, who pocketed the message.

01.45p.m.: Warning received from Amerika of ‘large iceberg’ in vicinity of 41° 27′ N. 50′ 8′ W.

05.30 – 07.30p.m.: Surrounding air temperature plummets by 10 degrees to 33° F.

05.50p.m.: Captain Edward John Smith alters Titanic’s course slightly to the south and west of the usual course, perhaps as a precaution to avoid the reported ice.

06.00p.m.: Second Officer Charles Lightoller relieves Chief Officer Henry Wilde on the bridge.

07.15p.m.: First Officer William Murdoch orders the forecastle hatch to be closed as the glow from it was interfering with the lookouts vision in the crow’s nest up above.

07.30p.m.: Three warnings of large icebergs are received from the Californian in the vicinity of 42° 3′ N, 49° 9′ W. These messages are delivered to the bridge. Captain Edward John Smith is attending a dinner party in the first class dining room.

08.40p.m.: Second Officer Charles Lightoller passes-on orders to Titanic crew to look after the ship’s fresh water supply, as temperature of surrounding sea water is close to freezing.

08.55p.m.: Captain Edward John Smith leaves the dinner party and returns to the bridge, discussing the clear weather and the visibility of icebergs at night with Second Officer Charles Lightoller.

09.20p.m.: Captain Edward John Smith retires for the night, with orders to wake him ‘if if becomes at all doubtful’.

09.30p.m.: Second Officer Charles Lightoller advises the lookouts in the crow’s nest to watch carefully for icebergs until morning.

09.40p.m.: Heavy pack ice and iceberg warning received from Mesaba, in vicinity of latitude 42° N to 41° 25′, longitude 49° W to 50° 30′ W, however, the message was overlooked as radio operators are busy with passenger traffic.

10.00p.m.: Second Officer Charles Lightoller relieved by First Officer William Murdoch on the bridge. The lookouts are also relieved, with the new watch in the crow’s nest advised to watch for icebergs.

10.30p.m.: Sea temperature down to 31° F.

10.55p.m.: Approximately 10 – 15 miles north of Titanic, the Californian is stopped in field ice, and sends out warnings to all shipping in the area. The Californian contacts the nearby Titanicwith a further warning of ice, and receives a by a very blunt, ‘Keep out. Shut up. You’re jamming my signal. I’m working Cape Race’. Californian’s radio operator listens to Titanic’s messages for a short while, then closes at 11.30p.m.

11.30p.m.: The lookouts in the crow’s nest note a slight haze appearing directly ahead of the Titanic.

11.40p.m.: Titanic is moving at slightly-less than 21 knots, when suddenly, the lookouts see an iceberg directly ahead, approximately 500 yards away. The lookouts immediately sound the warning bell with three rings, and then telephone the bridge with the message, ‘Iceberg right ahead’. First Officer William Murdoch, upon hearing the message, calls ‘hard-a-starboard’ to the helmsman, and at the same time orders the engine room to stop engines, and then full astern, and at the same time, he activates the watertight doors below. After several seconds, Titanic begins to veer to port, but it’s not enough, and she makes contact with the iceberg down her starboard side.

11.50p.m.: Only ten minutes after the impact, water has risen 14 feet above the keel forward. First five watertight compartments begin to take on water.

12.15 – 2.17a.m. – Various ships hear Titanic’s distress calls. Among them is her sister, Olympic(500 miles away), Mount Temple (49), Frankfort (153), Birma (70), Baltic II (243), Virginian (170), and of course, Carpathia (58).

12.15a.m. – Titanic’s Band begin to play in the First Class Lounge. Later, they move outside of their warm confines to play on the port side of the Boat Deck.

12.20a.m. – The seaman’s quarters, 48 feet above Titanic’s keel on E Deck, are flooded.

12.25a.m. – Order given to begin loading Titanic’s lifeboats with women and children. The Cunarder Carpathia picks up Titanic’s distress calls, and begins her 58 mile journey.

12.45a.m. – The first lifeboats to be lowered, starboard No. 7, is lowered. It carries 28 people, with a capacity for 65. The first of the eight distress rockets were also launched at this time. Fourth Officer Joseph Groves Boxhall observes vessel approaching Titanic, and then disappears, despite trying to contact her using the Morse lamp. Lifeboat No. 4 begins loading between 12.30 and 12.45.

12.55a.m. – First port-side lifeboat No. 6 lowered with total of 28 people aboard, including Margeret Brown and Major Arthur Godfrey Peuchen. Starboard Lifeboat No. 5 lowered. Fifth Officer Harold Godfrey Lowe has to tell Joseph Bruce Ismay to stop interfering with his commands.

1.00a.m. – Starboard lifeboat No.3 is lowered with only 32 people aboard, 11 of them are crew.

1.10a.m. – Starboard lifeboat No.1, with a capacity of 40 people is lowered. There are just 12 people including Sir Cosmo Edmund Duff-Gordon and Lady Lucy Christina Duff Gordon, together with 7 crew. Port-side lifeboat No. 8 is loaded and lowered, carrying just 39 people, including the Countess of Rothes, who steers the lifeboat through the night.

1.15a.m. – Water reaches Titanic’s name on the bow, and she now lists slightly to port. Lifeboatbegin to leave decks more fully loaded.

1.20a.m. – Starboard lifeboat No. 9 leaves with 56 people aboard. Titanic has now developed a significant list to starboard.

1.25a.m. – Port-side lifeboat No. 12 is lowered to the water with 40 women and children aboard. Two seamen are put in charge of this lifeboat, Frederick Clench, and John Thomas Poingdestre. After the sinking, this lifeboat is tied together with lifeboats No. 4, No. 10, No. 14and Collapsible D. Later in the night, survivors are moved from lifeboat No. 14 to the other lashed-together lifeboats by Fifth Officer Harold Godfrey Lowe, so that he can return to pick up anybody who may still be alive from the water. Lifeboat No. 12 is then overloaded with 70 passengers, many of those rescued from Collapsible D.

1.30a.m. – Signs of panic begin to be seen in passengers throughout Titanic as port-side lifeboat No. 14 is lowered. There are sixty people, together with Fifth Officer Harold Godfrey Lowe, in this lifeboat, and as a precaution, Fifth Officer Harold Godfrey Lowe fires shots to ward off people who may rush the lifeboat. Titanic’s radio calls become more and more desperate as the situation aboard worsens. “We are sinking fast, and cannot last much longer”.

1.35a.m. – On the port-side, lifeboat No. 16 is lowered with over 50 people aboard. Lifeboat No. 13 is also lowered too at this time, containing 64 people, mostly second and third class women and children. Starboard lifeboat No. 15 is lowered just seconds later, with 70 people aboard, and almost comes into collision with lifeboat No. 13 below.

1.40a.m. – Most of the forward lifeboats have now gone, and passengers now begin to move towards the stern of Titanic. Joseph Bruce Ismay makes his infamous departure aboard lifeboatcollapsible C at this time. The last lifeboat on the starboard side of the vessel is now lowered, and the forward well deck is now awash.

1.45a.m. – The Carpathia, which is racing towards the site, hears the last message issued by Titanic’s radio operators. “Engine room full up to boilers.” Port-side lifeboat No. 2 leaves with 25 people aboard.

1.55a.m. – Port-side lifeboat No. 4 is now being loaded, and John Jacob Astor is refused entry by Charles Herbert Lightoller. Astor sees Madeleine Talmage Astor off safely, along with 40 other women, children and crew in the lifeboat, with a further 20 places empty.

2.00a.m. – The advancing water is now a mere ten feet below the promenade deck.

2.05.a.m. – There are approximately 1,500 people aboard Titanic, and there is just one lifeboatleft, collapsible D, which could, if required, carry 47 people it leaves Titanic with 44 women and children aboard. Second Officer Charles Herbert Lightoller fires his pistol in the air, and forms a ring around the final lifeboat to prevent it being overcome. Titanic’s forecastle head now sinks underwater, with the angle of her decks growing steeper and steeper.

2.10a.m. – Captain Edward John Smith goes into the Marconi radio room, in order to free the operators, John George Phillips, and Harold Sydney Bride, from their duties.

2.17a.m. – John George Phillips sends Titanic’s last radio message, and Captain Edward John Smith tells everyone that it’s every man for himself, before returning to the bridge to await the inevitable end. At around the same time, Thomas Andrews is seen in the first class smoking room staring into space.

Titanic’s bow plunges underwater, enabling the previously trapped collapsible B to float free, but upside down. Fr. Thomas Roussel Davids Byles hears confessions, and offers absolution to about 100 first and second class passengers at the boat deck’s aft end. Wallace Hartley and the band finally stop playing their soothing music. Many of the passengers and crew are left with no other choice but to jump into the bitter sea below them, but tragically, many of these people in the water are crushed as Titanic’s forward funnel falls.

Collapsible Afloats free, luckily the right way up, and about 20 or more people in the water hold on it, but it is swamped due to the amount of people trying desperately to save themselves. Fifth Officer Harold Godfrey Lowe in lifeboat No. 14 comes to their rescue just before dawn breaks, but for over half of the people, it is too late.

By Sara Nelson for MailOnline
Updated: 16:33 BST, 19 October 2011

Astonishing unseen photographs of the aftermath of the Titanic disaster have emerged after 99 years.

The black and white pictures show an iceberg at the site of the tragedy - and may even be the one that sunk the luxury liner.

Another image shows two lifeboats packed full of survivors rowing for safety following the 1912 disaster in which 1,517 people died.

Survivors from the Titanic are pictured here rowing towards rescue ship the Carpathia in what appear to be relatively calm seas

Danger ahead: Taken from a rescue vessel, this photograph shows an iceberg in the distance - perhaps even the one that sank the luxury liner

The archive of letters and photographs are owned by the family of survivors John and Nelle Snyder, who were returning from their honeymoon when the tragedy struck. The pair are pictured here in the clothes they escaped in

The remarkable archive includes a survivor's letter containing a moving first hand account of the sinking, which tells how the rows of portholes 'disappeared one by one'.

It was written by first class passenger John Snyder who was returning to America on the doomed liner with his new bride Nelle from their honeymoon.

He described how they were woken following the 'bump' and that he owed his life to his wife who made him see what was going on even though he wanted to go back to bed.

He explained how they were almost the first people in the life boat because others thought it safer to stay on the 'big boat'.

The archive of photos and letters have remained in the Snyder family all this time but have now emerged for sale at auction.

The incredible photos were taken from the deck of the Carpathia, the first ship that arrived at the disaster scene and picked up survivors on the morning of April 15, 1912.

Another rescue ship - the SS Californian - can been seen in the background after she finally arrived at the scene having at first ignored the Titanic's distress rockets.

There is also a picture of the Snyders shortly after they reached land and they are still wearing the clothes they were rescued in.

A press report at the time suggested that before the Titanic sank someone on deck shouted 'put in the brides and grooms first' and that was why the Snyders were saved.

But in his letter to his father dated April 24 Mr Snyder makes no mention of it, but his account reveals the confusion.

Rescue: The SS California is pictured at the scene, having initially ignored the Titanic's distress rockets


Dubbed the 'unsinkable' ship, the Titanic famously struck an iceberg and sank in under three hours on April 15, 1912. Of the 2,224 on board, 1,517 passengers and crew perished.

It lay unseen on the ocean floor for decades, until 1985, when an American-French expedition identified its final resting place 329 miles south-east of Newfoundland.

The wreck, which was split into two sections 2,000ft apart, has now been the focus of research by scientists and historians for 25 years.

He wrote: 'I can only tell you that I have a mighty fine wife and she is the one you must thank - besides our Lord - for my being able to write this letter.

'If it hadn't been for Nelle I am sure that I never would be here now. She is the one that urged me to get up when I wanted to go back to bed.

'We were both asleep when the boat hit. I don't know whether the bump woke me up or I woke when Nelle spoke to me.

'At any rate she made me get up and go out to the companionway to see what was going on - I went out three times before deciding to get up and get dressed.

'When we reached the top deck only a few people were about and we all were told to go down and put on some life belts - we did it, thinking it was only a precaution.

'When we got back on the top deck again we saw they were getting the life boats ready - as soon as they were ready they told the people to get into them.

'Nearly every body stepped back from in front of us and as a result we were almost the very first people placed in the life boat.

Doomed: The 'unsinkable' Titanic setting sail from Southampton in 1912

'Only a very few people were on deck at that time and they thought it much safer to stay on the big boat than to try the life boat.

'When we had moved some distance away from the Titanic we realised - by looking at the bow seeing the different rows of port holes getting less and less from three rows - then two rows and finally the bow went under - that the finest boat in the world was doomed - we hit between 11.40 and 11.50 and the Titanic sunk at 2.22 in the morning.'

The items are being sold by Philip Weiss auctions in New York and are expected to fetch over £50,000.

Mr Weiss said: 'The initial items came from John and Nelle Snyder who were saved and over the years the family has added to the archive.

'There are some remarkable letters and photographs that have always been with the family and never been to market before.

'There is a photograph showing the couple still wearing the clothes they had on when they were saved.

Watery grave: The bow of the Titanic at rest on the bottom of the North Atlantic, about 400 miles south east of Newfoundland

'There are photos of survivors rowing to safety and there are several photographs of the Californian which arrived to help.

'The pictures appear to have been taken from the Carpathia, which picked up the couple.

'One picture includes an iceberg - it could even be the one that sunk the Titanic.

'There is also letter written by Mr Snyder just four days before the sinking and in it he thanks a tobacconist for his cigars that he is smoking.

'I don't think he ever sent it because it was still with him.

'Another letter that has never been seen describes the sinking and it tells how both were asleep when the ship struck the iceberg.

'There is also a letter from Mr Snyder's father that describes the worry that the family had and how news filtered back to them.'

Mr Snyder was aged 24 at the time of the sinking and his wife Nelle was 23 and they had boarded the Titanic at Southampton.

Mr Snyder died in 1959 aged 71 from a heart attack on a golf course. He and Nelle lived in Minneapolis where he ran a automotive firm.

Nelle died in 1983 age 94 and the couple had three children.

The auction takes place on October 21.


Isadore Straus: The elderly couple drowned side by side in the disaster after Ida refused a place on a lifeboat to remain with her husband

A rare Titanic deck plan owned by an elderly couple in first class who died when the doomed liner sank is set to sell at auction £50,000

Ida and Isidore Straus drowned side by side after Mrs Straus refused a place on a lifeboat to remain with her husband - a scene iconically depicted in the 1997 Titanic film.

The deck plans were only handed out to the 324 first class passengers when they arrived on the ship in Southampton on April 10, 1912.

It is believed only three of them from the ship exist today, with two in private collections and this one now on the open market. Witness accounts stated the plan's owners sat on deckchairs and held hands until they were washed into the sea as the Titanic sank.

In the Hollywood blockbuster, starring Kate Winslet and Leonardo DiCaprio, artistic licence was used to show the devoted couple cuddling up together on their bed. In the emotive scene, Mr Straus gives his wife a kiss on the cheek while their stateroom floods.

The plan was in the possession of the Straus' maid Ellen Bird who survived the disaster in which 1,495 people were lost. She kept hold of the 41x29in document for the rest of her life and it has now been put up for auction by the current private owner.

Despite its age and fragile condition the delicate piece of tissue paper has remained in one piece over the last 99 years. It has been given a pre-sale estimate of between £40,000 to £50,000.

Andrew Aldridge, of auctioneers Henry Aldridge and Son of Devizes, Wilts, which is selling the plan said: 'This represents the zenith of collectables pertaining to Titanic.

'Isadore Straus was one of the wealthiest people on the ship and original material relating to his and his party's time on board Titanic is practically non-existant.

Staterooms on decks C and D demonstrate the difference between the standards of room

'To have something directly related to Straus which was on the ship is a collector's dream.

'The Straus' were barely featured in the 1997 movie apart from the very brief but very iconic shot of them lying in bed side by side just as the ship begins to sink.

'Looking at the condition of the deck plan, it must have been stored in a book and kept somewhere dark and out of sunlight.'

The deck plan, that folds down to a booklet, is headed 'White Star Line, Southampton-Cherbourg-New York Service, First Class Accommodation.'

The reverse shows the layout of the top five decks that made up the first class accommodation and facilities like the restaurants, swimming baths, gymnasium and squash courts.

Each room is numbered in red ink and the plan is incredibly detailed, marking out the beds, wash basins and wardrobes inside.

Different class: The pictures on the left of decks A and B show the opulence in which some stayed compared with those in the lower classes on decks C and D

There is still pencilled notations made by Miss Bird who marked with a cross her suit of C97 which was next door to the suite occupied by John Farthing -Mr Straus' man servant who died in the disaster.

Miss Bird's room was directly opposite the Straus' lavish stateroom numbered C55-57 which had its own bedroom and separate sitting room.

The plan also includes several printed photos of some of the onboard facilities as well as a list of them and directions and instructions for the passengers.

Mr Straus, 63, was a wealthy businessman who owned the Macey's department store in New York.

He and his family were returning to America on Titanic following a holiday in Europe.

Their 15-year-old granddaughter Beatrice holidayed with them but stayed on in Germany. After the 45,000 ton liner struck an iceberg at 11.40pm on April 14, in the north Atlantic many first class passengers were helped into lifeboats.

At first Mrs Straus, 63, joined Mrs Bird in lifeboat eight before getting out to be with her husband, reportedly saying: 'We have lived together for many years. Where you go, I go.'

Her body was never recovered unlike that of her husband. His last listed effects included black silk socks, gold watch, silver flask and £40 in notes. Miss Bird, who was from Old Buckingham, Norfolk, died in Rhose Island in 1949 aged 68. The auction takes place in Devizes on Saturday, October 29.

First Images In 15 Years Document Decay Of The Titanic

View of the bow of the RMS Titanic photographed in June 2004.

Nearly 15 years from the last time humans visited the RMS Titanic, an international team of deep-sea explorers returned to the wreck site in the Atlantic Ocean, at a depth of about 12,500 feet (3.8 km). Over the course of five submersible dives with the DSV Limiting Factor, the team documented the actual conditions of the wreck.

The worst decay was seen on the starboard (or right) side of the bow. The captain's bathtub, often photographed in the past, is gone as part of the deck collapsed.

. and new images taken during the expedition in 2019. Parts of the starboard side of the bow . [+] collapsed.

The Titanic sank in April 1912 after a collision with an iceberg , during its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York. Only 73 years later, September 1985, the wreck was located about 370 miles south-southeast off the coast of Newfoundland, by a French-American team led by Jean-Louis Michel of the French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea and Robert Ballard of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

The bow is still largely preserved, even if most superstructures on deck collapsed when the bow hit the seafloor. The impact and water pressure almost completely crushed the stern. A large debris field, from machinery to personal items of the passengers, is found between the stern and the bow. During the sinking, the Titanic broke apart at its weakest point, between the second and third funnel, where the machine room was located.

Apart from the damage done by the sinking, time and microbes are slowly devouring the Titanic.

During the first visit to the wreck in 1985, scientists observed bacteria and fungi colonizing the rusty remains . One type of bacteria was an unknown species, appropriately named Halomonos titanicae in 2010. Oxidizing the iron parts, the microorganisms produce energy to sustain their metabolism. The waste products of the microbial metabolism is a thick layer of rust, covering the entire wreck, forming stalactites (called rusticles) along the hull.

Every day, the microorganisms consume almost 100 pounds of iron. The peculiar feeding mechanism causes quickly growing holes in the steel plates of the outer hull. The upper ship's decks are made from thin steel plates, so these quickly decaying this part of the ship may collapse in a few years. The lower parts of the ship's hull are made of thicker plates. They will likely decay over the next few decades. In the end, the weakened hull will collapse entirely and be buried by sediments, transported by underwater currents.

During an expedition in 2004, some signs of our modern civilization were found on the seafloor. In the debris field, Ballard found plastic cups from passing ships and iron chains or ballast bags of submersibles visiting the wreck. The submersibles also damaged the wreck, especially the area around the famous staircase. By landing on the ship's decks, the heavy vehicles bend the weakened steel, causing visible damage to the upper decks.

Also, human activity on the sea surface has impacts on the Titanic. Unsustainable fishing along the Grand Banks of Newfoundland has significantly reduced the local fish population in the last decades. Fewer fish consume less plankton in the upper layers of the ocean and more organic matter sinks to the bottom of the sea. Here, the surplus of nutrients causes a bloom in the microbial community covering the wreck. A growing microbial community will accelerate the corrosion and decay of the Titanic.

In the dark waters on the cold ocean floor, the Titanic slowly rots away. Once expected to carry travelers from England to New York the ship quickly became home to the fishes. Even exploring it has started to become dangerous, as most parts of it are visibly unstable.

Like many ships, the Titanic had different rooms for different occasions. This image of one of the dining rooms looks very comfortable, which most likely meant this dining room was for first class. Most of these spaces can no longer be explored.

Titanic (1997)

When anyone asks me how I can best describe my experience in nearly forty years at sea, I merely say, uneventful. Of course there have been winter gales, and storms and fog and the like. But in all my experience, I have never been in any accident… or any sort worth speaking about. I have seen but one vessel in distress in all my years at sea. I never saw a wreck and never have been wrecked nor was I ever in any predicament that threatened to end in disaster of any sort. - Captain E.J. Smith, Captain of the RMS Titanic

Were Jack and Rose based on real people?

I heard there was a J. Dawson on board the Titanic, is that true?

Who sketched Jack's drawing of Rose that we see in the movie Titanic?

Were the movie's underwater shots of the Titanic wreckage real?

Were any of Pablo Picasso's paintings lost with the Titanic?

No. After Rose (Kate Winslet) boards the ship in the movie, we see her displaying authentic paintings by the then barely-known painter, Pablo Picasso. Cal (Billy Zane) comments that the artist will never amount to anything. This is an obvious point of humor in the movie, but it also raises the question as to whether or not these paintings were in fact part of Titanic history. The answer is no. One of the paintings shown in the movie is Picasso's "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon" ( shown here), which depicts five prostitutes in a brothel. It is currently on display at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.

Were there any black passengers on board the Titanic?

During the U.S. Senate's Inquiry into the disaster, Bruce Ismay, the Managing Director of the White Star Line, said the following, "I understand it has been stated that the ship was going at full speed. The ship never had been at full speed. The full speed of the ship is 78 revolutions. She works up to 80. So far as I am aware, she never exceeded 75 revolutions. She had not all her boilers on. None of the single-ended boilers were on." Ismay said that it was their intention to work the ship up to its full speed of 80 revolutions either on the next day (Monday) or two days later (Tuesday), depending on the weather.

Surviving passengers stated that they heard Bruce Ismay pressuring Captain Edward J. Smith to go faster, with one passenger even stating that he saw Ismay flaunting an iceberg warning during dinner. However, none of the surviving officers supported these accusations, and survivor testimony from some passengers was considered unreliable and at worst imaginative. Bruce Ismay was crucified by the newspapers for leaving the ship, and he quickly became a common target upon which to place blame. Yet, it is also possible that the testimony from the surviving officers, exonerating Ismay, was given in the best interest of White Star Line.

Did pieces of ice from the iceberg really land on the promenade deck?

Did the Titanic's band continue to play as the ship went under?

Yes, but not exactly in the way that the film implies. Titanic history tells us that gates did exist which barred the third class passengers from the other passengers. However, these gates weren't in place to stop a third class passenger from taking a first class passenger's seat on a lifeboat. Instead, the gates were in place as a regulatory measure to prevent the "less cleanly" third class passengers from transmitting diseases and infections to the others. This would save time when the ship arrived in New York, as only the third class passengers would need a health inspection.

At the time of the sinking, some stewards kept gates locked waiting for instructions, while others allowed women and children to the upper decks. As a result of poor communication from the upper decks, the dire reality of the situation was never conveyed. The crew failed to search for passengers in the cabins and common areas, and the fact that some third class passengers did not speak English, also presented a problem. As a result, many of the third class passengers were left to fend for themselves. Only 25 percent of the third class passengers survived the disaster.

Did Officer Murdoch really commit suicide after shooting passengers and accepting a bribe?

Did one of Titanic's giant funnels really crash down into the water?

Did some of the passengers choose to go down with the ship?

Did Captain Smith really go into the bridge to await his fate?

In Robert Ballard's book, The Discovery of the Titanic, he claims that Captain Smith went into the bridge to await his fate at 2:17 A.M., three minutes before the ship went under completely. View a photo of Captain Smith. This may have been partially based on the account of Philadelphia banker Robert W. Daniel, who claimed that just before he jumped into the water, he saw Captain Smith on the bridge, which was slowly being swallowed by the icy sea. James Cameron supports this account in his 1997 movie Titanic by showing Captain Smith enter the bridge and grasp the wheel as water crashes in. While some survivors testified that they saw Captain Smith enter the bridge, other Titanic survivors said that they saw Captain Smith in the water with a life jacket. It is possible that he may have jumped from the bridge area as the ship went down. A boy who was one of the last children to leave the ship told Dr. J.F. Kemp, a passenger on the Carpathia, that "Captain Smith put a pistol to his head and then fell down." Other witnesses reported having seen Captain Smith commit suicide as well. Surviving crewmen vigorously denied the possibility. His body was never recovered.

Did the Titanic's lights continue to burn until just before the ship went under?

Did the Titanic really break apart as it sunk?

Yes. For years, whether the Titanic broke apart as it went under was a highly debated element of Titanic history. Some survivors testified that the ship did break apart as it sunk, while others said that it went under intact. Much of the uncertainty surrounding this was put to rest in 1985 when the wreck of the Titanic was discovered in two separate portions on the sea bottom. It is very likely that the ship broke apart much like the movie's depiction.

Were any of the passengers rescued from the water like Rose?

How did Margaret Brown get the nickname "Unsinkable Molly Brown"?

When the Carpathia arrived at New York's pier 54, over 30,000 people, including reporters, clamored to interview the Titanic survivors. When reporters asked Margaret Brown to what she attributed her survival, Margaret replied, "Typical Brown luck. We're unsinkable." Reporters began referring to her as the "Unsinkable Mrs. Brown". See a photo collage of Margaret "Molly" Brown. The nickname of "Molly" was a Hollywood invention created years later in the 1930s. It was part of a highly fictional tale that became the basis for the 1960 Broadway musical, The Unsinkable Molly Brown. In the movie Titanic, we get a glimpse of the friendship between Margaret Brown and John Jacob Astor. Before boarding the ship, Margaret had been traveling with J.J. Astor and his wife Madeline in Cairo, Egypt. Margaret booked a First Class passage on the Titanic after learning that her grandson Lawrence was ill.

How long could the people have remained alive in the water?

How many people were rescued by the Carpathia?

Did Bruce Ismay really sneak into a lifeboat like in the movie Titanic?

No. There are no reports of Bruce Ismay disguising himself as a woman to sneak into a lifeboat as he does in the movie. However, First Class Passenger Jack Thayer said that he saw Bruce Ismay pushing his way into Collapsible C. Thayer "did not blame him," because from what Thayer could see, "It was really every man for himself." Of the 58 men who survived, Bruce Ismay, the Managing Director of the White Star Line, received the most criticism, and in 1913, Ismay resigned from his job and from public life. London society labeled Bruce Ismay one of the biggest cowards in history, and both the American and English press ruthlessly attacked him. Some papers even published cartoons of Ismay deserting the ship.

Was the Heart of the Ocean (Coeur de la Mer) a real diamond?

Can I visit the Titanic movie set?

Yes. The set, located at Fox's Baja Studios in Rosarito Beach, Mexico, still exists. The nearly full-scale Titanic replica created for the film was badly damaged when the filmmakers submerged it underwater to recreate the sinking. It was dismantled after filming wrapped. However, several of the Titanic interiors are still there, including Rose's 1st class stateroom, Jack's 3rd class stateroom, the purser's office (where Jack was handcuffed to the pipe), the outside deck, and the Palm Court (dining) room. Tours are available to the public.

Like the original ship, the replica (when it existed) was 60 feet from the boat deck to the water. Certain repetitive lengthwise sections of the ship were omitted, which made it shorter than the original 882.5 foot ship. The movie ship had only been completed on one side. As a result, there are several scenes in which the ship is reversed, such as in the "I'm the king of the world" scene where the crew galley skylight gives the reversal away. Very few of the ship's interiors were built into the replica's framework itself. Most were built on neighboring sound stages. The set designs, costumes and the ship itself were meticulously recreated. View a comparison photo of Titanic's Grand Staircase. In several cases, James Cameron even hired the original manufacturers to reproduce such things as carpets and lifeboat davits.

Survivors from Southampton, UK talk about their experiences on the night of the Titanic disaster. The last audio clip features Southampton local Iris Lee telling her story of how her father gave up his position on the Titanic. She explains that he was too shook up to go after discovering a human head floating by while at work in the docks.

Edith Haisman, 7, Traveling to Canada with Parents - 3:32
"There was a lot of lifeboats and people on rafts, some of them frozen dead, it was terrible. . You heard the screams, it was terrible, the screams of the people. . I hoped my father would get off the ship. That's all I was hoping for."

Eva Hart (7) Recalls Her Memories of the Sinking - 13:06
"We were offered a birth on the Titanic. . My mother had this dreadful premonition. She never had one before and she never had one after. But she said, 'No, we can't do this. It's quite wrong. Something dreadful will happen.'"

Iris Lee, local resident, Southampton - 1:17
". he wasn't able to take his position on the Titanic, so that's why my parents used to say they were thankful to God."

In our first selection below, take a journey into history by watching a compilation of real Titanic video footage. See the actual ship and the real Captain Edward J. Smith on the bridge prior to leaving. Witness the aftermath as the Carpathia returns with survivors.

27. Sergeant George Camblair practicing with a gas mask in a smokescreen – Fort Belvoir, Virginia, 1942

Original photo by Jack Delano

Colourized by Ryan Urban

PS About the RMS Titanic

RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean on 15 April 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton, UK to New York City, US. The sinking of Titanic caused the deaths of 1,502 people in one of the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in modern history. The RMS Titanic was the largest ship afloat at the time of her maiden voyage. She was the second of three Olympic class ocean liners operated by the White Star Line, and she was built by the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast. On her maiden voyage, she carried 2,224 passengers and crew.

RMS Titanic departing Southampton on 10 April 1912

Colorized version of the historic photo of the Titanic

Watch the video: Titanic Photos: Φωτογραφίες του Τιτανικού